Image: public domain
Are personal documents made of plastic safer as such made of paper? Which are better protected against falsification and which can be checked safe?
This summer made a message from baden-wurttemberg the round, after which more and more false identity papers were discovered in the sudwest. After 1.600 fall in 2014, it was 2015 1.800 and 2016 already 2250, uber the landeskriminamt baden-wurttemberg reported. There is a preserved identity card from 300 euros and a passport for up to 4.000 EURO.
Whether it was total folds or folded original documents did not emerge from the message. Only for the origin one found that numerous false identity papers from eastern europe came, from bulgaria or romania. Since these falses are so good that they are not to be discovered with the bloben eye, they are glowing for examination with UV light.
In the paper of the ids, in addition to a watermark, so-called molding fibers include, which have different properties and colors. However, this security feature can only be used in paper documents. Today with identity cards and wilms of work in the credit card format do not offer this possibility. They are therefore obviously significantly easier than their relatives of paper.
German personal documents are safe?
The german passport and the german identity card, both of which are produced by the meanwhile re-owned by federal printing, are considered highly secure documents. Forces of falsification, with which personal information is to be changed in the document, drove to obvious destructions for construction and home (BMI) on the information of the federal ministry of the interior, for building and heimat (BMI) or at least to events that for author should be comprehensible.
The german identity cards, the passing charts in travel fits and other comparable high-security documents from german production consist of a polycarbonate layer composite with internal personalization. This is fused by lamination to a homogeneous plastic block. This is not least possible to ensure that all layers of the identity card from the same polymer, in this case polycarbonate, exist. The production procedures used in germany should also ensure that the integrated persondy data has to penetrate the existing security features so that a separation of layers were drilled to shades.
Since the plastics cards are produced only in the bundesdruckerei in berlin, all the corresponding cards are intended to fulfill the same security criteria. Another advantage is to be that the cards are made only on concrete application and there are no blank versions that are stolen and personalized by unauthorized third parties.
What about the security of other personal documents?
In the EU member states, minimum security standards, which are described in regulation (EC) 2252/2004, by regulation (EC) 444/2009,.
In practice, however, the document security of the identity cards ied by the EU member states arises, be paper documents or plastics cards recognized as schengen internal travel documents than quite different. This topic is therefore taken up in the action plan of the EU commission for an effective european approach to travel document fraud among others, such as a press release from brussel from 8. December 2016 reports.
In its action plan for an effective european approach to travel document fraud, the european commission notes that the so-called double-level fraud, in which the owner of a folded document is simply a double-gone of the real owner, is still increasing. He was in the second quarter of 2016 the most commonly reported fraud.
Rough problems have the resistances if the identity documents themselves are genuine, but they were created on the basis of incorrect output documents. Thus often folded birth or marriage certificates serve as the basis for the exhibition of real papers and the authenticity of the initial documents is often not to be checked. In the youngest time, the abandonment of real personal documents with folded starting papers has obviously increased, while the total fellings should be rather. This may, last but not least, associated with the amplified use of document proposals in personal control.
How are ids checked in practice?
Today, different document requests are used in passenger inspection. According to the BMI, it can be operated depending on the manufacturer and device version as well as the specific objective of document screening both offline and online, accessing a central data server. Automated border control stations, as used at the airport, usually work online.
This not only allows continuous software update, but also accessing the most recent inventory data. Locked use on a mobile network, as is used in mobile personal controls, is usually slower than a network connection over landline. And so a mobile control can certainly take some time when all passengers should be checked in the train or bus, checking the review during the train and the bus trucks usually occurs during a prolonged border stop. The frequently caused spatements do not make every passenger joy.