The gentech giant monsanto has to pay $ 1.5 million penalty conditions because indonesian officials were bribed
Indonesia currently has other concerns as a discussion about genetic engineering, the country is difficult to hit by the tsunami catastrophe. Nevertheless, it is interesting to read how it is trying to take effect in developing or emerging channels of biotech corporations. So monsanto high-ranking indonesian officials to be in the country "favorable climate" to create for gentech plants.
A monsanto manager tried in 2002, a high-ranking official with 50.000 US dollars to impress. In return, the author should then do without environmental contract delivery for genetically engineered cotton. But out of the deal then nothing got. And it came worse for the group. Monsanto was now sentenced to payment 1.5 million dollars in the USA because of the break of american anti-corruption laws, as BBC reports.
The world market drivers for genetically changed seeds had tried for years to grasp FUB in indonesia. As further investigations from the american authorities resulted, in the years 1997 to 2002 also flowed on several other indonesian officials illegal money to establish their own insect-resistant GV cotton in the country. Greenpeace germany speaks of 140 indonesian officials with a total of around 700.000 dollars on bribes "truss" became. BBC in turn reports that a separate consulting company was operated by the monsanto manger for this purpose. The bribes were then considered "consultant fees" declared. According to greenpeace germany, monsanto financed bribers, among other things, by the undocumented and superior sale of pesticides in indonesia.
Monsanto already accepted the US judgment and also wants to hunt the edition that for the next three years an independent financial support should monitor the books of the group. The group now fired the responsible manager and assistant to by no means want to tolerate such practices. In addition, as irregularities in the indonesian branch of the branch, one had started an internal checkpoint and informed the american ministry of justice.
However, monsanto international has repeatedly advised in patent ies due to the aggressive marketing and enforcement policy in patent ies. The most famous case was probably that of the canadian farmers percy schmeiser whose fields had been contaminated by pollen flight by monsanto plants genetically engineered, which was then dragged from the group for genklaus in front of the kadi. A year-old lawsuit followed, which was decided in favor of monsantos last year. However, the canadian highlight of the farmer also released the exorbitant compensation payments required by monsanto (percy schmeiser loses against monsanto).
Construction of genetic engineering continues to increase worldwide
In general, the group becomes a strong slope "lobby work" sustained at the political level. In indonesia, the attempt failed to repimulate the hurden of a strict environmental contract conveyance, at the strong resistance of environmental activists and indonesian farmers who mobilized with campaigns the public. Indonesia approved in 2001 as the first state in sudostasien gen-manipulated cotton of monsanto.
The group had claimed to ensure gene cotton environmentally friendly, has less pesticides needed to guarantee a puffy harvest and increasing prosperity of farmers. However, the realitat looked very different. Already in the first year of the cultivation there were reports about failures. The plants were resistant to a shadling, but not against all natural enemies of cotton. Hundreds of hectares were infected by other shadling. As the british non-profit organization institute of science reported in society, many farmers stood in front of ruin. About 70 percent of the 4.438 farmers who had grown gene cotton could not reduce their credit after the first plant year, which they had received from a subsidiary of monsanto for the purchase of seeds and dunner,. Nevertheless, the company doubled the prices for the gene seed in the coming year and at the same time lowered prices for the purchase of the gene cotton. The procedure leads to such strong protests of the farmers that monsanto started all from indonesia at the end of 2003. Finally, even the indonesian minister of the environment agreed that the GM cotton had brought more damage than benefits.
However, such failures seem to the "triumph" grunen genetic engineering do not demolish. In 2003, around 70 million hectares worldwide were built worldwide with genetically engineered plants, reports the international service for the acquisition of agri-biotech applications (isaaa) . That’s about 15 percent more than the year earlier. Economic experts violate market potential up to 500 billion. Doller – especially when plants can be used as commodity suppliers for industry. The fact that the GV cotton tested in indonesia is considerably contributing to the GM cotton tested in indonesia, but may be doubted.