The family: the “future model of our society”

There is a lot to do: in berlin, the seventh family report was introduced and about the problem of "specific german life planning" to the grain

On 20. February 2003, the then minister for family, seniors, women and youth, renate schmidt, called one of those in red-green government times obligatory expert commissions. It should be under the chairmanship of the family and youth researchers hans bertram, who has a chair for microsoziology at the berlin humboldt university, fundamentally analyze the topic "future of the family" among the aspects of social change and social integration and, unlike fresh family reports – the sixth appeared in 2000, his transaction in 1994 – not primarily describe the mistakes of the past. Instead, this time, this time, the development of timebeam perspectives and political action instruments to be able to react adequately to "the new challenges of spatmoder companies".

After three years, scientists have completed their work now. The seventh family report family between flexibility and reliability was presented on yesterday in berlin, adopted by the federal cabinet and at the homepage of the federal ministry of family, seniors, women and youth by the expert commission also commented separately.

Already in the run-up to the publication, formulations had taken care of a stir, which look like the family policy variant of the legendary altkanzler-proverder "teacher are lazy sacrificial". And actually appears on the 72. Of a total of 607 pages the secondary fertilizer:

The slightest prasence in the labor market can be found in german nuts, which do not invest this recover in homework, but in personal leisure. The high prasenz finnish, swedish and norwegian parents in the labor market is achieved as well as in france by an additional waiver of free time.

From the 7. Family report

However, the description of the german situation and its european comparative basis does not appear in such a simplifying debt polling. The problem of german childlessness, which has been discussed in recent weeks, drove the scientists primarily to the small quota of multi-children families, which could raise the falling birth rates, as that happened, for example, in france or finland. The crucial obstacle see the authors in the "specific german life planning" with their strict three-pitch in education, occupation and pension. In many other european countries, personal lifetime and acquisition biography are more flexible:

So you can in france Z.B. From the auxiliary teacher to professor – and still in old age beyond active parenting. Germany, on the other hand, knows a "rush hour of life". German academics take about 5 years to decide for about 5 years to decide for or against children. This makes a life expectancy of almost 100 years for women of the year 1970 a share of 2%!

Expert commission of the seventh family report

In angelsachsian countries, it is now self-consuming that women and men and men.A.-acquire completion, work for five years or a family ground and ignoring their education by an M.A. To complete. Apart from the fact that these examples make it very clear how one-sided the study sometimes focused on the situation of the academics and academics, it remains to be captured: in contrast to many neighboring states, it has not yet been able to forcend the change from the industry to the service company and to react adequately to the creeping conversion from the man’s sole earner to the "individual adult worker model".

All the more urgent is a planable reorganization of employment working time and private time, in the course of which, however, the development of alternative vocational pictures, effective continuing education offers, a comprehensive childcare, modern forms of neighborhood help and much more had to be considered.

Based on the educational time, the report suggests the establishment of gender-neutral warrant times in which people are dedicated to educational, education or care tasks. BERTRAMS TEAM support these option times ideally even for encountering the growing demographic difficulties of society and to use the high quality of life productively.

The "participation time" lasting about 25 years today (= professional time to pension) has been extended. The model is to be financed on the pension: which today at a stucco to be provided to 45 earnings years to the purchase of the pension one could divide into several phases, and then in intermediate warrants z.B. 67% of the net income as a "advance" to refer to the pension.

Expert commission of the seventh family report

One reason for german special way could this be average for a long-term holding on traditional role ideas, which is often spat after the birth of the first child in this country again after the birth of the first child becomes societal reality. The women give their profession, the manner works more than before, the financial situation is nevertheless too, and so, in addition to the occupationally, the private division of tasks from the balance. An expansion of care amptions, which in germany is certainly urgently offered to optimize the compatibility of family and profession, therefore can not be the only solution.

Here, in addition to the mentioned upy infrastructure maps (such as childcare and all-day schools), there is also to encourage competence extensions for madchen and boys in childhood. Boys are to develop more female "care" skills, madchen more sophisticated vocational orientation. Namely, the question arises why manners from the family "get out". So far, the family role for manner is little attractive: they have been exhausted as the main driver, but in the household you usually have only workforce. "Care" must also be recognizable for manner as a profit to experience the family work as attractive.

Expert commission of the seventh family report

It is probably the same way that manner initiates the restriction on "workforce" itself or grateful to note …

It has to change much

The fact that in the field of family policy is not only "something", but much more, than has been planned in the last decades in bonn, berlin, on lande level or in the municipalities, also shows the development of the city. The authors have u.A. To the "different reproduction scheme in german families and in families with a migration background". An important role also play the "hiking movements of the better-earning families out of the city". These and many other social, economic, cultural or ecological distortions, which all concern families, are mandatory, on the one hand, the phanomena of shrinking inner states, on the other hand, the formation of rapidly growing megacities whose contours become more and more blasting.

The municipalities should therefore continue to operate a whole new economic policy in the future by no longer try to stomp pointless commercial areas from the ground, but instead to settle families, which then had to be considered as investors and not long as a blobe performance reception. A place that has a functioning social infrastructure and qualified workforce will take a closely invitation to pay investment after the authors.

For the disadvantaged areas, the "activating welfare state" is then conditional. In order to avoid the increasingly gross risk of poverty risk, the report will distinguish families in difficult financial situations according to their respective activatable potentials. Some could be helped with simpler advice and strengthening of their everyday competences, in other cases the targeted demand of children "in low-threshold centers" makes sense, as tried in the english early excellence center.

The authors also plan for this to summarize all monetic transfers in a "family fund" and to pay a "parental allowance after scandinavian model". Nevertheless, they warn expressively from a one-sided concentration on economic effects, which does not meet the complexity of phanomenautally and therefore do not argue because, for example, the scandinavian countries have not invested more money for their much more enjoyable results.

Federal families minister ursula von der leyen is long enough in office to know how top politicians must react to such reports, even if they did not commission the same personally. Consequently, the leyen is confirmed in their own views and congested a "triad from time, money and infrastructure", which the new federal government through the planned parental allowance, the deductibility of childcare costs from the tax, the intended expansion of the day-to-day fatheels or the multi-generation households actually already struck.

Polished family picture for german guiding culture

Above the quiet suspicion that the minister is preferably satisfied with themselves and the picture book CV of a doctorate professor’s wife and seven-fitting mother, which is just incidentally in a hurry career, maybe not reprintage, laughs laughs from the leyen. Your mandate is called optimism, and the 48-year-olds with transparent solutions may seem particularly well fulfill, as trying to launch a "bundis for education" alone with representatives of the protestant and catholic church solely (the integration association of the german ministers) clearly showed a few days ago. The press declaration of your ministry interprets the family report as well as research as placant, well understandable and easily digestible.

The 7. Family report has a clear message: family is and remains the future model of our society.

Federal ministry

Whether the individual members of the company have equal or at least similar ideas of this future model and the meaning of the term family, however, must be doubted. The voluminous inventory, which takes into account many current research results, contributes to the on the one hand in which, for example, the topic of warding is discussed:

As a result, about a five-party funftel of all children in the old and a third in the new federal tags will not spend their childhood with their two physical parents, but experience in other forms of familial organization and possibly even several times a change between different familial settings must be forced.

From the 7. Family report

In politically correct family research, the divorce of the parents is considered as "transition in the development process of the family" and proposed the shared custody of the same way as under these conditions most optimal solutions.

Terms like "gay" or "same sexual" appear on a good 600 pages, on the other hand, only one time each time, and in both cases, fibnotes must be prepared to treat this exceptional case. Similarly, for all other forms of alternative life – with or without a child – so that this report is actually not concealed to describe or evaluate a situation. Those who read him like the family minister may tackle the classic constellation of wife, man, children and some spatmodern inevitions quite a polished family picture for the german guiding culture.

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